We have seen what that the Qur’an says that the Taurat, Zabur & Injil of the Bible (al kitab) are not corrupted. The Qur’an states clearly that the followers of Injil still possessed the message from Allah at the time of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), around 600 AD – so it was not corrupted before that date. The Qur’an declares that the original message in the Injil were Allah’s Words, and that His Words can never be changed. If both of these statements are true it means that it is impossible for people to corrupt the Words of al kitab (Taurat, Zabur and Injil = Bible)
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and the Bible
Here we study what the hadiths and sunnah say on this topic. Notice how the following hadiths affirm the existence and use of the Taurat and Injil in the time of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
“Khadija [his wife] then accompanied him [The Prophet – PBUH] to her cousin Waraqa …, who, during the PreIslamic Period became a Christian and used to write the writing with Hebrew letters. He would write from the Gospel in Hebrew as much as Allah wished him to write.” Al-Bukhari Vol 1, Book 1, No 3
Narrated Abu Huraira: ..The people of the Scripture used to read the Torah in Hebrew and explain it to the Muslims in Arabic. Then Allah’s Apostle said, “Do not believe the people of the Scripture, and do not disbelieve them, but say, ‘We believe in Allah and whatever has been revealed…’ Al-Bukhari Vol 9, Book 93, No. 632
The Jews came to Allah’s Apostle and told him that a man and a woman from amongst them had committed illegal sexual intercourse. Allah’s Apostle said to them, “What do you find in the Torah about the legal punishment of Ar-Rajm (stoning)?” They replied, “(But) we announce their crime and lash them.” Abdullah bin Salam said, “You are telling a lie; Torah contains the order of Rajm.” … the Verse of Rajm was written there. They said, “Muhammad has told the truth; the Torah has the Verse of Rajm. Al-Bukhari Vol. 4, Book 56, No. 829:
Narrated Abdullah Ibn Umar: ..A group of Jews came and invited the Apostle of Allah (PBUH) to Quff. … They said: ‘AbulQasim, one of our men has committed fornication with a woman; so pronounce judgment upon them’. They placed a cushion for the Apostle of Allah (PBUH) who sat on it and said: “Bring the Torah”. It was then brought. He then withdrew the cushion from beneath him and placed the Torah on it saying: “I believed in thee and in Him Who revealed thee.” Sunan Abu Dawud Book 38, No. 4434:
Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Apostle of Allah (PBUH) said: The best day on which the sun has risen is Friday; on it Adam was created, …. Ka’b said: That is one day every year. So I said: It is on every Friday. Ka’b read the Torah and said: The Apostle of Allah (PBUH) has spoken the truth. Sunan Abu Dawud Book 3, No. 1041
These are undisputed hadiths that tell us of the attitude of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) to the Bible as it existed in his day. The first hadith informs us that the Injil existed and was available when he first received his call. The second hadith tells us that the Jews read the Taurat in Hebrew to the early Muslim community. The Prophet (PBUH) did not dispute their text, but was indifferent (neither confirming nor denying) to their Arabic interpretation of it. The next two hadiths tell us that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used the Taurat as it existed in his day to arbitrate decisions. The last hadith shows us that the Taurat, as it existed in that day, was used to verify a statement from Prophet Muhammad about the day of creation of man (it was on a Friday). In this case, the Taurat was used to check the teaching of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) himself, so it must have been authentic for such use. In none of these hadiths, do we see any hint that the text of the Bible is treated as corrupted or changed.
Earliest manuscripts of Injil (New Testament)
I own a book about the earliest New Testament (Injil) documents. It starts with:
“This book provides transcriptions of 69 of the earliest New Testament manuscripts…dated from early 2nd century to beginning of the 4th (100-300AD) … containing about 2/3 of the new Testament text”(P. Comfort, “The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts”. Preface p. 17. 2001 ).
This is significant since these manuscripts come before Roman Emperor Constantine (ca 325 AD) who some have thought might have altered the text of the Bible. If Constantine had corrupted it we would know it by comparing the texts before his time (since we have them) with the texts that come after him. But there are no differences.
Similarly, these and other Bible copies were made long before the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). These and other thousands of manuscripts all from before 600 AD come from around the world. Since the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in 600 A.D. used the Bible in his time as authentic, and we have many Bible copies today made hundreds of years before the Prophet lived – and they are the same as today’s Bible, then the Bible certainly has not changed.
Even the idea of Christians changing these texts makes no sense. It would not have been possible for the scattered people to agree on the changes to be made. Even if those in Arabia had made changes, the difference between their copies and those of their brothers, let us say in Syria and Europe, would become obvious. But the manuscript copies are the same across the world, and back in time. Since the Qur’an and hadiths both clearly support the Biblical text as it existed in 600 AD, and since the Bible is based on manuscripts that come long before this time, then the Bible of today is not corrupted. The timeline below illustrates this, showing how the text base of the Bible pre-dates 600 AD.
The earliest manuscipts copies of the Taurat and Zabur date from even earlier. Collections of scrolls, known as the Dead Sea Scrolls, were found in 1948 by the Dead Sea. These scrolls make up the entire Taurat and Zabur and they date from 200-100 BC. This means that we have copies of the Taurat that date even before both prophets Isa al Masih (PBUH) and Muhammad (PBUH). Since they both publicly used and approved the Taurat and Zabur that they had we have assurance that these first books of the prophets were also not corrupted. I explore what all this means about the reliability (or unchangedness) of al kitab from a scientific point-of-view in my article here.
The testimony of the Prophet Mohamed (PBUH) in the hadiths, along with background knowledge of the manuscripts of the Bible, point to the same conclusion as the testimony in the Qur’an – the text of the Bible has not been corrupted or changed.
After Quruan was revealved All other books were cancelled. Allah says in Quruan (( And whoever desires other than Islam as religion – never will it be accepted from him, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers.))(3:85)
((This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion.))(5:3)
dear brother i invite u to islam, its the only way to success.
Thank you so much for your invitation. Now I did write an article on this question (Does the Qur’an cancel the Bible?) You may want to take a look at it at least so you know what the Qur’an says about this important question. The link is at https://al-injil.net/blog/2012/06/01/does-the-quran-replace-the-bible-what-does-the-quran-say/
a MUSLIM myself I know Ibraheem’s view to be very widespread. A VIEW OF IGNORANCE.
NOW I HAVE A QUESTION FOR IBRAHIM: YOU WROTE TRANSLATED WORDS FROM THE RECITATION (QUR’AN) IN YOUR POST: BUT WHY DO YOU OMIT TO TRANSLATE THE WORD ISLAAM.
IF YOU WOULD, YOU WOULD UNDERSTAND THAT THE ONLY WAY TO THE DOMINION OF ALLAH IS BY SUBMISSION. THIS CANNOT BE OTHERWISE, IT IS IN THE NATURE OF ALLAH BEING ALL-POWERFUL. SO ANYONE SUBMITTED IN HIS HEART WILL CERTAINLY REACH ALLAH. THIS INCLUDES FOLLOWING HIS COMMANDMENTS. IT DOES NOT CANCEL THEM.
Thank you Sabilah for your comment.
To submit to God is a requirement. James, the brother of the prophet Isa al Masih (PBUH), wrote in the Injil that
But it is hard to submit when we do not understand all what He has revealed
Salaam we have to give good knowledge to KIDS about ISLAM ” ummahstars “
the fact is a inji is the gospel that muslims are required to recite. jesus was born of a virgin and the gospels say that jesus is divine so the fact is a christian can make it into a muslim heaven a muslim cannot make it into christian heaven.
The only Ouran is accepting , respecting to the other Religion, Its the newest being religion than the others, so it s the most truth knowledges, it s the religion of today’s..So we can understand what s the true, and where is…….
Hi Arzu. Thank you for your comment. And I appreciate what you are saying. But even in any domain of knowledge (eg physics, literature etc), the diligent student must learn the basic foundational knowledge before he can understand the more advanced. Before you can truly understand calculus you must know algebra, and to know algebra you need to know multiplication. In the same way, the prophet Isa al Masih pbuh constantly referred back to the earlier Taurat when he was revealing the Injil (see latter part of article here). These hadith show the same from the prophet Mohamed pbuh. So is it not worthwhile to learn and understand the earlier revelations? What do we have to lose?
i wish to apply matter of histry of our injel.
Hi Aliyu. I am not sure I totally understand. Do you mean you want to look at the injil from a historical point-of-view? This article on textual criticism is a good place to start.
Hi Aliyu. I am not sure I totally understand. Do you mean you want to look at the injil from a historical perspetive? This article on textual criticism is a good start for that.
i m just a student of the teachers like u but talking about the corruption n our previous holy books by people is quite clear n Quran.
i cant exactly quote but like ” the use to take limited money to change the words of Allah” and like the use to take limited money and says wrong that these words r from Allah”
You are probably referring to Surah Baqarah around ayah 90 where the Jews are accused of saying different things to the prophet Muhammad (PBUH). But since they are Jews talking to prophet Muhammad this is around the years 620 – 630 AD western calendar. This is more than a thousand years after Taurat and Zabur were written so that has nothing to do with changing the previous books. It would be like today in 2015 a Sunni accusing a shiite of twisting the words of the quran and saying wrong things. That means they are misunderstanding or misapplying or wrong teaching. But it cannot mean that they are changing the actual text of the quran. That text has been set for over thousand years. No one can change it now because it has been set. In the same way, disagreements in 620 AD has nothing to do with changing the actual words that were set for a thousand years before. Does this make sense?
Please could you send the full sahih BUHARI And Muslim to my e
mail address. Thsnks
how do i do that
Did you got them ?
I am relieved to see this, however in my little knowledge the encylopedia Britainica gives the time lines when & what changes have been made i.e King Johns version & the Apocrypha being expunged.
I also have a copy of Time mag. questioning Is The Bible True Word of God.
my query is also un answered: is the old testament (pentatush) five books identical to the Hebrew text of Torah ?
Great question. For sure here in West everything about Prophets is questioned inc. Bible and Quran. Yes the 5 books of Moses is identical to Hebrew Torah. Here is a link to Genesis 1 in Hebrew. This is Hebrew Torah text of pentateuch.
This religion is not good
Jazakumullahu khairan for this golden gesture!
We need a fact