The Day: Al-Inshiqaq & At-Tur and The Masih

Surah Al-Inshiqaq (Surah 84 – The Sundering) describes how earth and sky will be shaken and destroyed on the Day of Judgment. 

When the sky is rent asunder,

And hearkens to (the Command of) its Lord, and it must needs (do so);-

And when the earth is flattened out,

And casts forth what is within it and becomes (clean) empty,

And hearkens to (the Command of) its Lord,- and it must needs (do so);-

(then will come Home the full reality).

O thou man! Verily thou art ever toiling on towards thy Lord- painfully

toiling,- but thou shalt meet Him.

Then he who is given his Record in his right hand,

Soon will his account be taken by an easy reckoning,

And he will turn to his people, rejoicing!

But he who is given his Record behind his back,-

Soon will he cry for perdition,

And he will enter a Blazing Fire.

(Al-Inshiqaq 84:1-12)

Surah Al-Inshiqaq warns that those whose record of deeds is not given to his ‘right hand’ will enter a ‘blazing fire’ on that Day. 

Do you know whether your record of deeds will be given to your right hand or behind your back?

Surah at-Tur (Surah 52 – The Mount) describes in detail the shaking of earth and people on Judgment Day

There is none can avert it;-

On the Day when the firmament will be in dreadful commotion.

And the mountains will fly hither and thither.

Then woe that Day to those that treat (Truth) as Falsehood;-… (Surah at-Tur 52:8-11)

So leave them alone until they encounter that Day of theirs, wherein they

shall (perforce) swoon (with terror),-

The Day when their plotting will avail them nothing and no help shall be given them.

And verily, for those who do wrong, there is another punishment besides

this: But most of them understand not.

(Surah at-Tur 52:45-47)

Are you confident you have not ‘done wrong’ and never treated truth ‘as falsehood’ (lied) so that you can pass the judgment of that Day?

The Prophet Isa al Masih PBUH came to help those who are not sure how their record of deeds will be given to them on Judgment Day.  He came to help those who have no help.  He said in the Injil:

Therefore Jesus said again, “Very truly I tell you, I am the gate for the sheep. All who have come before me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep have not listened to them. I am the gate; whoever enters through me will be saved They will come in and go out, and find pasture. 10 The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full.

11 “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. 12 The hired hand is not the shepherd and does not own the sheep. So when he sees the wolf coming, he abandons the sheep and runs away. Then the wolf attacks the flock and scatters it. 13 The man runs away because he is a hired hand and cares nothing for the sheep.

14 “I am the good shepherd; I know my sheep and my sheep know me— 15 just as the Father knows me and I know the Father—and I lay down my life for the sheep. 16 I have other sheep that are not of this sheep pen. I must bring them also. They too will listen to my voice, and there shall be one flock and one shepherd. 17 The reason my Father loves me is that I lay down my life—only to take it up again. 18 No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down and authority to take it up again. This command I received from my Father.”

John 10:7-18

The Prophet Isa al Masih claimed great authority to protect his ‘sheep’ and give them life – even for that coming Day.  Does he have that authority?  The Taurat of Musa PBUH foresaw his authority even from the Creation of the world in six days.  Then the Zabur and the succeeding prophets prophesied details of his coming so we could know that his coming was really the plan from heaven.  But how does one become ‘his sheep’ and what did he mean by ‘I lay down my life for the sheep’?  We look at this here.

The teachings of the Prophet Isa al Masih has always divided people. This was true in his day as well. Here is how this discussion concluded and how the people who heard him were divided

19 The Jews who heard these words were again divided. 20 Many of them said, “He is demon-possessed and raving mad. Why listen to him?”

21 But others said, “These are not the sayings of a man possessed by a demon. Can a demon open the eyes of the blind?”

22 Then came the Festival of Dedication at Jerusalem. It was winter, 23 and Jesus was in the temple courts walking in Solomon’s Colonnade. 24 The Jews who were there gathered around him, saying, “How long will you keep us in suspense? If you are the Messiah, tell us plainly.”

25 Jesus answered, “I did tell you, but you do not believe. The works I do in my Father’s name testify about me, 26 but you do not believe because you are not my sheep. 27 My sheep listen to my voice; I know them, and they follow me. 28 I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; no one will snatch them out of my hand. 29 My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all[c]; no one can snatch them out of my Father’s hand. 30 I and the Father are one.”

31 Again his Jewish opponents picked up stones to stone him, 32 but Jesus said to them, “I have shown you many good works from the Father. For which of these do you stone me?”

33 “We are not stoning you for any good work,” they replied, “but for blasphemy, because you, a mere man, claim to be God.”

34 Jesus answered them, “Is it not written in your Law, ‘I have said you are “gods”’[d]? 35 If he called them ‘gods,’ to whom the word of God came—and Scripture cannot be set aside— 36 what about the one whom the Father set apart as his very own and sent into the world? Why then do you accuse me of blasphemy because I said, ‘I am God’s Son’? 37 Do not believe me unless I do the works of my Father. 38 But if I do them, even though you do not believe me, believe the works, that you may know and understand that the Father is in me, and I in the Father.” 39 Again they tried to seize him, but he escaped their grasp.

40 Then Jesus went back across the Jordan to the place where John had been baptizing in the early days. There he stayed, 41 and many people came to him. They said, “Though John never performed a sign, all that John said about this man was true.” 42 And in that place many believed in Jesus.

John 10:19-42

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The Day: Al-Masad & Al-Hadid and The Masih

Surah Al-Masad (Surah 111 – The Palm Fibre) warns of Flaming Judgment on the Final Day. 

Perish the hands of the Father of Flame! Perish he!

No profit to him from all his wealth, and all his gains!

Burnt soon will he be in a Fire of Blazing Flame!

His wife shall carry the (crackling) wood – As fuel!-

A twisted rope of palm-leaf fibre round her (own) neck!

(Al-Masad 111:1-5)

Surah Al-Masad warns that we can perish.  Even those close to us, like our wives, also face the threat of the sentence on the Final Day of Judgment. 

So what can we do to prepare for the examination of Allah who knows all our shameful secrets?

Surah Al-Hadid (Surah 57 – The Iron) tells us that He has sent Signs to lead us from the Darkness of our shameful secrets into the Light.

He is the One Who sends to His Servant Manifest Signs, that He may lead you from the depths of Darkness into the Light and verily God is to you most kind and Merciful.

(Surah al-Hadid 57:9)

But we are warned that those who have lived in Darkness will be searching frantically for Light on that Day.

One Day will the Hypocrites- men and women – say to the Believers: “Wait for us!  Let  us borrow (a Light) from your Light!” It will be said: “Turn ye back to your rear! then seek a Light (where ye can)!” So a wall will be put up betwixt them, with a gate therein. Within it will be Mercy throughout, and without it, all alongside, will be (Wrath and) Punishment!

(Those without) will call out, “Were we not with you?”  (The others) will reply, “True! but ye led yourselves into temptation; ye looked forward (to our ruin); ye doubted (God’s Promise); and (your false) desires deceived you; until there issued the Command of God. And the Deceiver deceived you in respect of God.

(Surah al-Hadid 57:13-14)

What if we have not lived such that we will have Light on that Day? Is there hope for us?

The Prophet Isa al Masih PBUH came to help us on that Day.  He spoke clearly that He was that Light for those of us who are in shameful darkness that will be needed on Judgment Day.

When Jesus spoke again to the people, he said, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.”

13 The Pharisees challenged him, “Here you are, appearing as your own witness; your testimony is not valid.”

14 Jesus answered, “Even if I testify on my own behalf, my testimony is valid, for I know where I came from and where I am going. But you have no idea where I come from or where I am going. 15 You judge by human standards; I pass judgment on no one. 16 But if I do judge, my decisions are true, because I am not alone. I stand with the Father, who sent me. 17 In your own Law it is written that the testimony of two witnesses is true. 18 I am one who testifies for myself; my other witness is the Father, who sent me.”

19 Then they asked him, “Where is your father?”

“You do not know me or my Father,” Jesus replied. “If you knew me, you would know my Father also.” 20 He spoke these words while teaching in the temple courts near the place where the offerings were put. Yet no one seized him, because his hour had not yet come.

21 Once more Jesus said to them, “I am going away, and you will look for me, and you will die in your sin. Where I go, you cannot come.”

22 This made the Jews ask, “Will he kill himself? Is that why he says, ‘Where I go, you cannot come’?”

23 But he continued, “You are from below; I am from above. You are of this world; I am not of this world. 24 I told you that you would die in your sins; if you do not believe that I am he, you will indeed die in your sins.”

25 “Who are you?” they asked.

“Just what I have been telling you from the beginning,” Jesus replied. 26 “I have much to say in judgment of you. But he who sent me is trustworthy, and what I have heard from him I tell the world.”

27 They did not understand that he was telling them about his Father. 28 So Jesus said, “When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am he and that I do nothing on my own but speak just what the Father has taught me. 29 The one who sent me is with me; he has not left me alone, for I always do what pleases him.” 30 Even as he spoke, many believed in him.

John 8: 12-30

Isa al Masih PBUH claimed great authority as ‘Light of the World’, and when challenged he referred to the ‘Law’.  This is the Taurat of Musa PBUH that prophesied of his coming and his authority.  This was followed by the Zabur and the succeeding prophets who predicted details of his coming so we could know that he had the authority which he claimed.  What is ‘Son of Man’ and what did Isa al Masih mean by ‘when you have lifted up the Son of Man’? What does it mean to have ‘the light of Life’?  We look at this here.  Do so today, because on the Judgment Day it will be too late to start looking then, as al-Hadid warns

“This Day shall no ransom be accepted of you, nor of those who rejected God.” Your abode is the Fire: that is the proper place to claim you: and an evil refuge it is!”

(al-Hadid 57:15)

This is how the Prophet Isa al Masih concluded his teaching on this occasion.

31 To the Jews who had believed him, Jesus said, “If you hold to my teaching, you are really my disciples. 32 Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.”
33 They answered him, “We are Abraham’s descendants and have never been slaves of anyone. How can you say that we shall be set free?”
34 Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, everyone who sins is a slave to sin. 35 Now a slave has no permanent place in the family, but a son belongs to it forever. 36 So if the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed. 37 I know that you are Abraham’s descendants. Yet you are looking for a way to kill me, because you have no room for my word. 38 I am telling you what I have seen in the Father’s presence, and you are doing what you have heard from your father.”
39 “Abraham is our father,” they answered.
“If you were Abraham’s children,” said Jesus, “then you would do what Abraham did. 40 As it is, you are looking for a way to kill me, a man who has told you the truth that I heard from God. Abraham did not do such things. 41 You are doing the works of your own father.”
“We are not illegitimate children,” they protested. “The only Father we have is God himself.”
42 Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love me, for I have come here from God. I have not come on my own; God sent me. 43 Why is my language not clear to you? Because you are unable to hear what I say. 44 You belong to your father, the devil, and you want to carry out your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, not holding to the truth, for there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks his native language, for he is a liar and the father of lies. 45 Yet because I tell the truth, you do not believe me! 46 Can any of you prove me guilty of sin? If I am telling the truth, why don’t you believe me? 47 Whoever belongs to God hears what God says. The reason you do not hear is that you do not belong to God.”

48 The Jews answered him, “Aren’t we right in saying that you are a Samaritan and demon-possessed?”
49 “I am not possessed by a demon,” said Jesus, “but I honor my Father and you dishonor me. 50 I am not seeking glory for myself; but there is one who seeks it, and he is the judge. 51 Very truly I tell you, whoever obeys my word will never see death.”
52 At this they exclaimed, “Now we know that you are demon-possessed! Abraham died and so did the prophets, yet you say that whoever obeys your word will never taste death. 53 Are you greater than our father Abraham? He died, and so did the prophets. Who do you think you are?”
54 Jesus replied, “If I glorify myself, my glory means nothing. My Father, whom you claim as your God, is the one who glorifies me. 55 Though you do not know him, I know him. If I said I did not, I would be a liar like you, but I do know him and obey his word. 56 Your father Abraham rejoiced at the thought of seeing my day; he saw it and was glad.”
57 “You are not yet fifty years old,” they said to him, “and you have seen Abraham!”
58 “Very truly I tell you,” Jesus answered, “before Abraham was born, I am!” 59 At this, they picked up stones to stone him, but Jesus hid himself, slipping away from the temple grounds.

John 8:31-59

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The Day: Al-Qariah & At-Takathur and the Masih

Surah Al-Qariah (Surah 101 – The Calamity) describes the coming Day of Judgment like this:

What is the (Day) of Noise and Clamour?

And what will explain to thee what the (Day) of Noise and Clamour is?

(It is) a Day whereon men will be like moths scattered about,

And the mountains will be like carded wool.

Then, he whose balance (of good deeds) will be (found) heavy,

Will be in a life of good pleasure and satisfaction.

But he whose balance (of good deeds) will be (found) light,-

Will have his home in a (bottomless) Pit.

Al-Qariah 101:2-9

Surah Al-Qariah tells us that those who have a heavy balance of good deeds can hope to do well on Judgment Day. 

But what about those of us whose balance of good deeds is light? 

Surah At-Takathur (Surah 102 – The Rivalry in World Increases) warns us

The mutual rivalry for piling up (the good things of this world) diverts you

(from the more serious things),

Until ye visit the graves.

But nay, ye soon shall know (the reality).

Again, ye soon shall know!

Nay, were ye to know with certainty of mind, (ye would beware!)

Ye shall certainly see Hell-Fire!

Again, ye shall see it with certainty of sight!

Then, shall ye be questioned that Day about the joy (ye indulged in!).

At-Takathur 102:1-8

Surah At-Takathur tells us that Hell-fire threatens us on Judgment Day when we shall be ‘questioned’. 

Can we prepare for that Day if our balance of good deeds has been light? 

The Prophet Isa al Masih came specifically to help those of us who have a light balance of good deeds.  He said in the Gospel that

Then Jesus declared, “I am the bread of life. Whoever comes to me will never go hungry, and whoever believes in me will never be thirsty. 36 But as I told you, you have seen me and still you do not believe. 37 All those the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never drive away. 38 For I have come down from heaven not to do my will but to do the will of him who sent me. 39 And this is the will of him who sent me, that I shall lose none of all those he has given me, but raise them up at the last day. 40 For my Father’s will is that everyone who looks to the Son and believes in him shall have eternal life, and I will raise them up at the last day.”

41 At this the Jews there began to grumble about him because he said, “I am the bread that came down from heaven.” 42 They said, “Is this not Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How can he now say, ‘I came down from heaven’?”

43 “Stop grumbling among yourselves,” Jesus answered. 44 “No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws them, and I will raise them up at the last day. 45 It is written in the Prophets: ‘They will all be taught by God.’ Everyone who has heard the Father and learned from him comes to me. 46 No one has seen the Father except the one who is from God; only he has seen the Father. 47 Very truly I tell you, the one who believes has eternal life. 48 I am the bread of life. 49 Your ancestors ate the manna in the wilderness, yet they died. 50 But here is the bread that comes down from heaven, which anyone may eat and not die. 51 I am the living bread that came down from heaven. Whoever eats this bread will live forever. This bread is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.”

John 6:35-51

The Prophet Isa al Masih claimed that he ‘came down from heaven’ and that he will give ‘eternal life’ to anyone who believes in him.  The Jews who listened to him demanded he prove this authority. The prophet referred to the previous prophets who prophesied his coming and his authority.  We can see how the Taurat of Musa predicted his coming and also the prophets after Musa PBUH.  But what does it mean to ‘believe in him’?  We look at this here.

Isa al Masih also showed his authority through signs of healing and over nature. He explained in his teaching

14 Not until halfway through the festival did Jesus go up to the temple courts and begin to teach. 15 The Jews there were amazed and asked, “How did this man get such learning without having been taught?”

16 Jesus answered, “My teaching is not my own. It comes from the one who sent me. 17 Anyone who chooses to do the will of God will find out whether my teaching comes from God or whether I speak on my own. 18 Whoever speaks on their own does so to gain personal glory, but he who seeks the glory of the one who sent him is a man of truth; there is nothing false about him. 19 Has not Moses given you the law? Yet not one of you keeps the law. Why are you trying to kill me?”

20 “You are demon-possessed,” the crowd answered. “Who is trying to kill you?”

21 Jesus said to them, “I did one miracle, and you are all amazed. 22 Yet, because Moses gave you circumcision (though actually it did not come from Moses, but from the patriarchs), you circumcise a boy on the Sabbath. 23 Now if a boy can be circumcised on the Sabbath so that the law of Moses may not be broken, why are you angry with me for healing a man’s whole body on the Sabbath? 24 Stop judging by mere appearances, but instead judge correctly.”

25 At that point some of the people of Jerusalem began to ask, “Isn’t this the man they are trying to kill? 26 Here he is, speaking publicly, and they are not saying a word to him. Have the authorities really concluded that he is the Messiah? 27 But we know where this man is from; when the Messiah comes, no one will know where he is from.”

28 Then Jesus, still teaching in the temple courts, cried out, “Yes, you know me, and you know where I am from. I am not here on my own authority, but he who sent me is true. You do not know him, 29 but I know him because I am from him and he sent me.”

30 At this they tried to seize him, but no one laid a hand on him, because his hour had not yet come. 31 Still, many in the crowd believed in him. They said, “When the Messiah comes, will he perform more signs than this man?”

32 The Pharisees heard the crowd whispering such things about him. Then the chief priests and the Pharisees sent temple guards to arrest him.

33 Jesus said, “I am with you for only a short time, and then I am going to the one who sent me. 34 You will look for me, but you will not find me; and where I am, you cannot come.”

35 The Jews said to one another, “Where does this man intend to go that we cannot find him? Will he go where our people live scattered among the Greeks, and teach the Greeks? 36 What did he mean when he said, ‘You will look for me, but you will not find me,’ and ‘Where I am, you cannot come’?”

37 On the last and greatest day of the festival, Jesus stood and said in a loud voice, “Let anyone who is thirsty come to me and drink. 38 Whoever believes in me, as Scripture has said, rivers of living water will flow from within them.” 39 By this he meant the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were later to receive. Up to that time the Spirit had not been given, since Jesus had not yet been glorified.

40 On hearing his words, some of the people said, “Surely this man is the Prophet.”

41 Others said, “He is the Messiah.”

Still others asked, “How can the Messiah come from Galilee? 42 Does not Scripture say that the Messiah will come from David’s descendants and from Bethlehem, the town where David lived?” 43 Thus the people were divided because of Jesus. 44 Some wanted to seize him, but no one laid a hand on him.

John 7:14-44

The Living Water he promised was the Spirit, who came at Pentecost, and now gives Life freely shielding us from the death of Judgment Day. We only need to acknowledge our thirst.

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