The Close: Blessings & Curses

In our last post we saw the standards Allah gave so we could recognize true prophets – that they foretell the future as part of their message.  The Prophet Musa (PBUH) himself applied this rule – making predictions about the future of the Israelites – ones that had to come true if his message was from Allah. These predictions were coming Curses and Blessings on the Israelites. You can read the complete Blessings and Curses here. The main points are below.

The Blessings of Musa

The Prophet Musa (PBUH) starts out by describing the wonderful blessings that the Israelites would receive if they obeyed The Commands. These blessings would be in the sight of the other nations so that they would recognize His blessing. As it is written

Then all the peoples on earth will see that you are called by the name of the Lord, and they will fear you. (Deuteronomy 28:10)

However, if they failed to obey the Commands then they would receive Curses that were the opposite of the Blessings. The Curses would match and mirror the Blessings. These curses would also be seen by the surrounding nations

You will become a thing of horror, a byword and an object of ridicule among all the peoples here the LORD will drive you. (Deuteronomy 28:37)

And the Curses would be for the Israelites themselves

They will be a sign and a wonder to you and your descendants forever. (Deuteronomy 28:46)

And Allah warned that the worst part of the Curses would come from others.

The LORD will bring a nation against you from far away, from the ends of the earth, like an eagle swooping down, a nation whose language you will not understand, a fierce-looking nation without respect for the old or pity for the young. They will devour the young of your livestock and the crops of your land until you are destroyed … until you are ruined. They will lay siege to all the cities throughout your land until the high fortified walls in which you trust fall down. They will besiege all the cities throughout the land. (Deuteronomy 28:49-52)

And it would go from bad to worse

You will be uprooted from the land you are entering to possess. Then the LORD will scatter you among all nations, from one end of the earth to the other. … Among those nations you will find no repose, no resting place for the sole of your foot. There the LORD will give you an anxious mind, eyes weary with longing, and a despairing heart. (Deuteronomy 28:63-65)

These Blessings and Curses were established by a covenant (an agreement)

…to confirm you this day as his people, that he may be your God as he promised you and as he swore to your fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. I am making this covenant, with its oath … also with those who are not here today. (Deuteronomy 29:12-15)

In other words this covenant would be binding on the children, or future generations. In fact this covenant was directed at future generations – both Israelites and foreigners

Your children who follow you in later generations and foreigners who come from distant lands will see the calamities that have fallen on the land and the diseases with which the LORD has afflicted it. … nothing planted, nothing sprouting, no vegetation growing on it. … All the nations will ask: “Why has the LORD done this to this land? Why this fierce, burning anger?”

And the answer will be: “It is because this people abandoned the covenant of the LORD, the God of their ancestors, the covenant he made with them when he brought them out of Egypt….Therefore the LORD’s anger burned against this land, so that he brought on it all the curses written in this book. … the LORD uprooted them from their land and thrust them into another land, as it is now.” (Deuteronomy 29:21-27)

Did The Blessings and Curses of Musa come to pass?

The Blessings promised were wonderful, but the Curses threatened were severe. However, the most important question we can ask is: ‘Did these things happen?’ In answering this we will see whether Musa (PBUH) was a true prophet and we will gain guidance for our lives today.

The answer is within our grasp. Much of the Old Testament of al Kitab is the record of the history of the Israelites and from that we can see what happens. Also we have records outside the Old Testament, from Jewish historians like Josephus, Graeco-Roman historians like Tacitus and we have found many archeological monuments. All of these sources agree and paint a consistent picture of the history of the Israelites. This is another Sign for us. Here is an overview of the history of the Israelites pictured with Timelines to help us see better what happened in their history.

What do we see from this history? Yes indeed the Curses of Musa, terrible as they were DID come to pass – and exactly like he wrote down those thousands of years ago – before it all happened (Remember these predictions were not written down after they happened but before).

But the Curse of Musa did not end there. It continued. Here is how Musa (PBUH) concluded these curses.

When all these blessings and curses I have set before you come on you and you take them to heart wherever the LORD your God disperses you among the nations, and when you and your children return to the LORD your God and obey him with all your heart and with all your soul according to everything I command you today, then the LORD your God will restore your fortunes and have compassion on you and gather you again from all the nations where he scattered you. Even if you have been banished to the most distant land under the heavens, from there the LORD your God will gather you and bring you back. He will bring you to the land that belonged to your ancestors, and you will take possession of it. He will make you more prosperous and numerous than your ancestors (Deuteronomy 30:1-5)

An obvious question to ask (again) is: Did that happen? Click here to see the continuation of their history.

The Close of Taurat – The Zabur anticipated

With these Blessings and Curses, the Taurat is concluded. The Prophet Musa (PBUH) dies shortly after it is completed. Then the Israelites, under the successor to Musa – Joshua – enter the Land. As explained in the History of the Israelites, they lived there without a King and with no capital city until the great King Dawood or Dawud (or David) rose to power. He started a new section of the Old Testament which the Qur’an affirms as the Zabur. We need to understand the Zabur because it continues the Signs started in the Taurat – that will help us understand the Injil. Next we see how the Qur’an and Isa al Masih speak of Dawood (PBUH) and the Zabur.

History of the Israelites: Did the Curses of Musa (PBUH) come to pass?

To make the history of the Israelites easier to follow, I am going to build a series of timelines describing their history.  We start the history of the Israelites by placing the most recognized prophets of the Bible to the time of Isa al Masih (PBUH) in a timeline.

The Most Recognized Prophets of the Bible

This timeline uses the Western calendar (and remember this is all BC or BCE dating).  The width of the bars shows how long that particular prophet lived.  Ibrahim and Musa (PBUT) are important for their Signs which we have looked at already.  Dawood (or David – PBUH) is recognized because he started the Zaboor and he was the first King of a dynasty that ruled from Jerusalem.  Isa al Masih (PBUH) is important because he is central to the Injil.

We see in the green period that the Israelites had been living as slaves in Egypt.Living in Egypt as slaves of Pharaoh

This period of time started when Yusuf (or Joseph) great-grandson of Ibrahim (PBUT) led his people to Egypt, but they became slaves there.  Musa (PBUH) led the Israelites out of Egypt with the Passover Sign.

So with Musa (PBUH) the history of Israelites changes and it is now shown in yellow.Living in the Land - but no King in Jerusalem

They live in the land of Israel (or Palestine).  Musa (PBUH) pronounces the Blessings and Curses on them at the end of his life – when the timeline goes from green to yellow.  So for several hundred years the Israelites live in this land promised in Sign 1 of Ibrahim.  However they do not have a King, nor do they have a capital city of Jerusalem – it belonged to other people in this time period.

However, with the sending of Dawood (or David) about 1000 BC to the Israelites this changes.Living with Kings from Dawood ruling from Jerusalem

Dawood (PBUH) conquers Jerusalem and makes it his capital city where the King’s palace was and he was anointed as King by the Prophet Samuel (PBUH).  And his son Suleiman (or Solomon), also famous for his wisdom, rules as his successor.  Suleiman builds a wonderful Temple to the LORD in Jerusalem.  The descendants of King Dawood continue to rule for about 400 years and this period is shown in light blue (1000 – 600 BC).  This was the glory period for the Israelites – they started to see the Blessings promised.  They were a world power, had an advanced society, had culture, a Temple and this was the period when many prophets had messages from Allah and they are recorded in the Zaboor that David started.  But the reason that there were many prophets sent was because the Israelites became more and more corrupt, worshiping idols, and disobeying the Ten Commandments.  So Allah sent them prophets to warn them and remind them that the Curses of Musa would come upon them.  But the Israelites did not listen.

So finally around 600 BC the Curses came true.  Nebuchadnezzar, a powerful King from Babylon came – and just like Musa had predicted in his Curse when he wrote

The Lord will bring a nation against you from far away … a fierce-looking nation without respect for the old or pity for the young.  …  They will besiege all the cities throughout the land. (Deuteronomy 28: 49-52)

Nebuchadnezzar conquered Jerusalem, burned it, and destroyed the Temple that Suleiman had built.  He then took the Israelites and deported the majority across his vast Babylonian Empire.  Only the poor Israelites remained behind.  Thus was fulfilled the predictions of Musa that

You will be uprooted from the land you are entering to possess.  Then the Lord will scatter you among all nations, from one end of the earth to the other. (Deuteronomy 28:63-64)

Conquered and exiled to Babylon
Conquered and exiled to Babylon

So for 70 years, the period shown in red, the Israelites lived as exiles outside the Promised Land.

After that, the Persian Emperor Cyrus conquered Babylon and Cyrus became the most powerful person in the world.  And he issued a decree that permitted the Israelites to return to their land.Living in the Land as a part of Persian Empire

However they were no longer an independent country, they were now a province within the vast Persian Empire.  This continued for 200 years and is shown in pink in the timeline.  During this time the Temple was rebuilt (known as the 2nd Temple) and the last prophets of the Old Testament had their messages.

And then Alexander the Great conquered the Persian Empire and made the Israelites a province in his Empire which also continued for another 200 years.  This is shown in dark blue.Living in the Land as part of Greek Empires

Then the Romans defeated the Greek Empires and they became the mighty Roman Empire.  The Israelites again became a province in this Empire and it is shown in light yellow.  The prophet Isa al Masih lived in Israel in this time.  This explains why there is a Roman Governor and Roman soldiers throughout the account of the Injil – because the Romans ruled the Jews in the Land during the life of Isa al Masih.

However, from the time of the Babylonians (600 BC) the Israelites (or Jews as they were called now) had never been independent again as they had been under the Kings of Dawood.  They were ruled by other governments of other people. They resented this and after the passing of Isa al Masih they revolted against Roman rule.  A war of independence started.  But the Jews lost this war.  In fact the Romans came and destroyed Jerusalem, burned down the 2ndTemple and deported the Jews as slaves across the Roman Empire.  Since this Empire was so vast the Jews were effectively dispersed across the whole world.

And this is how they lived for almost 2000 years: dispersed, fragmented, living in foreign lands and never accepted in these lands.  The words of Musa given in the Curse were fulfilled as it was written

… Among those nations you will find no repose, no resting place for the sole of your foot. There the Lord will give you an anxious mind, eyes weary with longing, and a despairing heart. (Deuteronomy 28:65)

So were the Curses of Musa fulfilled?  Yes they were, and to every detail.  The Curses against the Israelites were given to make us who are not Jews ask:

All the nations will ask: “Why has the Lord done this to this land? Why this fierce, burning anger?”

And the answer will be: “ … the Lord uprooted them from their land and thrust them into another land…” (Deuteronomy 29:24-25)

This is an important Sign to us to take the Prophets’ Warnings very seriously – because there will be warnings for us as well.

Of course this historical survey only goes up to about 2000 years ago.  Click here to see how the blessings and curses of the prophet Musa (PBUH) concluded into our modern times.