The Day: Al-Inshiqaq & At-Tur and The Masih

Surah Al-Inshiqaq (Surah 84 – The Sundering) describes how earth and sky will be shaken and destroyed on the Day of Judgment. 

When the sky is rent asunder,

And hearkens to (the Command of) its Lord, and it must needs (do so);-

And when the earth is flattened out,

And casts forth what is within it and becomes (clean) empty,

And hearkens to (the Command of) its Lord,- and it must needs (do so);-

(then will come Home the full reality).

O thou man! Verily thou art ever toiling on towards thy Lord- painfully

toiling,- but thou shalt meet Him.

Then he who is given his Record in his right hand,

Soon will his account be taken by an easy reckoning,

And he will turn to his people, rejoicing!

But he who is given his Record behind his back,-

Soon will he cry for perdition,

And he will enter a Blazing Fire.

(Al-Inshiqaq 84:1-12)

Surah Al-Inshiqaq warns that those whose record of deeds is not given to his ‘right hand’ will enter a ‘blazing fire’ on that Day. 

Do you know whether your record of deeds will be given to your right hand or behind your back?

Surah at-Tur (Surah 52 – The Mount) describes in detail the shaking of earth and people on Judgment Day

There is none can avert it;-

On the Day when the firmament will be in dreadful commotion.

And the mountains will fly hither and thither.

Then woe that Day to those that treat (Truth) as Falsehood;-… (Surah at-Tur 52:8-11)

So leave them alone until they encounter that Day of theirs, wherein they

shall (perforce) swoon (with terror),-

The Day when their plotting will avail them nothing and no help shall be given them.

And verily, for those who do wrong, there is another punishment besides

this: But most of them understand not.

(Surah at-Tur 52:45-47)

Are you confident you have not ‘done wrong’ and never treated truth ‘as falsehood’ (lied) so that you can pass the judgment of that Day?

The Prophet Isa al Masih PBUH came to help those who are not sure how their record of deeds will be given to them on Judgment Day.  He came to help those who have no help.  He said in the Injil:

Therefore Jesus said again, “Very truly I tell you, I am the gate for the sheep. All who have come before me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep have not listened to them. I am the gate; whoever enters through me will be saved They will come in and go out, and find pasture. 10 The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full.

11 “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. 12 The hired hand is not the shepherd and does not own the sheep. So when he sees the wolf coming, he abandons the sheep and runs away. Then the wolf attacks the flock and scatters it. 13 The man runs away because he is a hired hand and cares nothing for the sheep.

14 “I am the good shepherd; I know my sheep and my sheep know me— 15 just as the Father knows me and I know the Father—and I lay down my life for the sheep. 16 I have other sheep that are not of this sheep pen. I must bring them also. They too will listen to my voice, and there shall be one flock and one shepherd. 17 The reason my Father loves me is that I lay down my life—only to take it up again. 18 No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down and authority to take it up again. This command I received from my Father.”

John 10:7-18

The Prophet Isa al Masih claimed great authority to protect his ‘sheep’ and give them life – even for that coming Day.  Does he have that authority?  The Taurat of Musa PBUH foresaw his authority even from the Creation of the world in six days.  Then the Zabur and the succeeding prophets prophesied details of his coming so we could know that his coming was really the plan from heaven.  But how does one become ‘his sheep’ and what did he mean by ‘I lay down my life for the sheep’?  We look at this here.

The teachings of the Prophet Isa al Masih has always divided people. This was true in his day as well. Here is how this discussion concluded and how the people who heard him were divided

19 The Jews who heard these words were again divided. 20 Many of them said, “He is demon-possessed and raving mad. Why listen to him?”

21 But others said, “These are not the sayings of a man possessed by a demon. Can a demon open the eyes of the blind?”

22 Then came the Festival of Dedication at Jerusalem. It was winter, 23 and Jesus was in the temple courts walking in Solomon’s Colonnade. 24 The Jews who were there gathered around him, saying, “How long will you keep us in suspense? If you are the Messiah, tell us plainly.”

25 Jesus answered, “I did tell you, but you do not believe. The works I do in my Father’s name testify about me, 26 but you do not believe because you are not my sheep. 27 My sheep listen to my voice; I know them, and they follow me. 28 I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; no one will snatch them out of my hand. 29 My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all[c]; no one can snatch them out of my Father’s hand. 30 I and the Father are one.”

31 Again his Jewish opponents picked up stones to stone him, 32 but Jesus said to them, “I have shown you many good works from the Father. For which of these do you stone me?”

33 “We are not stoning you for any good work,” they replied, “but for blasphemy, because you, a mere man, claim to be God.”

34 Jesus answered them, “Is it not written in your Law, ‘I have said you are “gods”’[d]? 35 If he called them ‘gods,’ to whom the word of God came—and Scripture cannot be set aside— 36 what about the one whom the Father set apart as his very own and sent into the world? Why then do you accuse me of blasphemy because I said, ‘I am God’s Son’? 37 Do not believe me unless I do the works of my Father. 38 But if I do them, even though you do not believe me, believe the works, that you may know and understand that the Father is in me, and I in the Father.” 39 Again they tried to seize him, but he escaped their grasp.

40 Then Jesus went back across the Jordan to the place where John had been baptizing in the early days. There he stayed, 41 and many people came to him. They said, “Though John never performed a sign, all that John said about this man was true.” 42 And in that place many believed in Jesus.

John 10:19-42

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The Day: Al-Humazah & The Masih

Surah Al-Humazah (Surah 104 – The Traducer) warns us about Judgment Day in this way:

Woe to every (kind of) scandal-monger and-backbiter,

Who pileth up wealth and layeth it by,

Thinking that his wealth would make him last for ever!

By no means! He will be sure to be thrown into That which Breaks to Pieces,

And what will explain to thee That which Breaks to Pieces?

(It is) the Fire of (the Wrath of) God kindled (to a blaze),

Al-Humazah 104:1-6

Surah Al-Humazah says that a Fire of the wrath of Allah awaits us, especially if we have been greedy and spoken badly of others.  For those who have been continually generous to all people who have asked for help, who have never envied the wealth of a rich person, have never talked badly about another person, and never been in an argument with someone concerning money, perhaps they can maintain hope that they will not be broken in pieces and come under the wrath of God on that Day. 

But what about the rest of us?

The prophet Isa al Masih PBUH came specifically for those who feared the wrath of God coming on them.  As he said in the Injil:

No one has ever gone into heaven except the one who came from heaven—the Son of Man. 14 Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the wilderness, so the Son of Man must be lifted up, 15 that everyone who believes may have eternal life in him.”

16 For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. 17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him. 18 Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already because they have not believed in the name of God’s one and only Son. 19 This is the verdict: Light has come into the world, but people loved darkness instead of light because their deeds were evil. 20 Everyone who does evil hates the light, and will not come into the light for fear that their deeds will be exposed. 21 But whoever lives by the truth comes into the light, so that it may be seen plainly that what they have done has been done in the sight of God.

John 3:13-21

Isa al Masih PBUH claimed great authority – even that he ‘came from heaven’.  In a conversation with a Samaritan (explained in more detail here) the Prophet claimed to be ‘living water’

Jesus answered her, “If you knew the gift of God and who it is that asks you for a drink, you would have asked him and he would have given you living water.”

11 “Sir,” the woman said, “you have nothing to draw with and the well is deep. Where can you get this living water? 12 Are you greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well and drank from it himself, as did also his sons and his livestock?”

13 Jesus answered, “Everyone who drinks this water will be thirsty again, 14 but whoever drinks the water I give them will never thirst. Indeed, the water I give them will become in them a spring of water welling up to eternal life.”

John 4:10-14

His authority for these claims was proved in how the Taurat of Prophet Musa prophesied his authority from the Creation of the world in six days.  Then the Zabur and succeeding prophets prophesied details of his coming that showed that his coming was planned from heaven.  But what did the prophet mean when he said he ‘must be lifted up’ so that ‘everyone who believes in him may have eternal life’?  This is explained here.

Next The Day=>

Do angels on Right & Left help on Judgment Day?

Surah Al-Haqqah (Surah 69 – The Reality) describes how The Day of Judgment will unfold with a Trumpet blast.

Then, when one blast is sounded on the Trumpet,

And the earth is moved, and its mountains, and they are crushed to powder at one stroke,-

On that Day shall the (Great) Event come to pass.

And the sky will be rent asunder, for it will that Day be flimsy,

And the angels will be on its sides, and eight will, that Day, bear the Throne of thy Lord above them.

That Day shall ye be brought to Judgment: not an act of yours that ye hide will be hidden.  (Surah al-Haqqah 69:13-18)

Surah Qaf (Surah 50) also describes a Day when the Trumpet of Allah is blown and the guardian angels on our right and left sides reveal the record of our deeds and merits.  These ayat read:

It was We Who created man, and We know what dark suggestions his soul makes to him: for We are nearer to him than (his) jugular vein.

Behold, two (guardian angels) appointed to learn (his doings) learn (and noted them), one sitting on the right and one on the left.

Not a word does he utter but there is a sentinel by him, ready (to note it).

And the stupor of death will bring Truth (before his eyes): “This was the thing which thou wast trying to escape!”

And the Trumpet shall be blown:  that will be the Day whereof Warning (had been given).

And there will come forth every soul: with each will be an (angel) to drive, and an (angel) to bear witness.

(It will be said:) “Thou wast heedless of this; now have We removed thy veil, and sharp is thy sight this Day!”

And his Companion will say: “Here is (his Record) ready with me!” (Surah Qaf 50:16-23)

Ayah 20 says that the warning of the Trumpet had already been given (before the Qur’an was revealed).  When was this given?  It was given by Isa al Masih (PBUH) when he foretold in the Injil that his return to earth would be announced by the trumpet of Heaven:

And he will send his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of the heavens to the other. (Matthew 24:31)

What happens after this?  Surah Qaf describes an angel on our right and on our left, recording our deeds.  Since Allah is nearer to us than our jugular vein, the Injil tells us that these records of our deeds are so extensive that they are ‘books’.  This was described in a vision that John, a disciple of Isa al Masih PBUH, received and wrote in the final book of the Injil. As it is written:

Then I saw a great white throne and him who was seated on it. The earth and the heavens fled from his presence, and there was no place for them. 12 And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged according to what they had done as recorded in the books. 13 The sea gave up the dead that were in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and each person was judged according to what they had done. 14 Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. The lake of fire is the second death. 15 Anyone whose name was not found written in the book of life was thrown into the lake of fire. (Revelation 20:11-15)

This declares that all will be judged ‘according to what they have done’ as recorded in the ‘books’.  So we greet the angels on our right and left after prayers, hoping to get some advantage in the recording of deeds.

The Book of Life

But notice there is another book, called the ‘Book of Life’, which is different than the good-bad merit record-keeping books.  It states that ‘anyone’ whose name is not found written in the Book of Life will be thrown into the Lake of Fire (another term for hell).  So, even if our list of good merits recorded by the angel on our right is very long, and the list of sins recorded by the angel on our left side is very short – even then – if our name is not in the ‘Book of Life’ we are still condemned to Hell.  What is this ‘book of life’ and how is our name recorded in this book?

Both the Taurat and Quran state that when Hazrat Adam sinned, Allah banished him from Paradise and made him mortal.  This meant that he (and we his children) was separated from the Source of Life.  This is the reason we are mortal and will die one day.  The Prophet Isa al Masih PBUH came to restore this Life to us so our names could be entered into the Book of Life.  As he declared

Very truly I tell you, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be judged but has crossed over from death to life. (John 5:24)

How the Prophet Ibrahim PBUH foresaw this gift of life, and why Isa al Masih can give us life is explained in detail here.  Surah Qaf warns us that

(The sentence will be:) “Throw, throw into Hell every contumacious Rejecter (of God) (Surah Qaf 50:24)

So if there is Eternal Life offered why not be informed about it?